Lost kingdom of (Egyptian) Cleopatra resurfaces under sea

Scientists believe that the entire city was completely submerged,
with all the artifacts, statues, columns
and other beauties of
the palace of Cleopatra.
Several of the submerged artifacts remained
largely intact.
Among the
discoveries were the foundations of the palace,
red granite columns, and statues of the goddess
and a sphinx.
Also among the massive limestone blocks (toppled
in the fourth
century) was a
huge quartzite block with an engraving of a
having inscription that indicates Seti I, father of
Ramses II.

In ancient times, the city of Thonis-Heracleion, known (in modern times) as the lost kingdom of Cleopatra served as a gateway to Egypt. This mysterious, legendary city, has however, been submerged
in Egypt’s Aboukir Bay, near Alexandria.

Why the city sank remains a mystery, but it was
swallowed by
Mediterranean Sea and has since been buried in sand and mud
for more than 1,200 years. New
amazing underwater discoveries allow archeologists to
piece together clues and to create an image of what life
(in the, then, ancient city).
Researchers believe that the city was a central
area used as a
customs hub
where trade (coming from Greece and other
in the Mediterranean) entered Egypt.
“The site has amazing preservation. We are
now starting to
look at some
of the more interesting areas within it to try to
understand life there.
“We are getting a rich picture of things
like the trade that was
on there and the nature of the maritime economy in the
Egyptian late period. There were things that were coming in
from Greece and the Phoenicians. It is a major city
we are excavating,” said Dr. Damian Robinson, director of the Oxford
Center for
Maritime Archaeology at the
University of Oxford, who is
working on the
The city, Known as Heracleion to the ancient
Greeks and Thonis to the
Egyptians, was rediscovered in 2000 by French
archaeologist Dr. Franck Goddio and a team from
European Institute for Underwater Archeology (IEASM)
, after a four-year geophysical survey.
Its name was almost razed from the memory of
only preserved in
ancient classic texts and rare inscriptions
on land by archaeologists.
According to Dr. Frank Goddio, on his website, The Greek
historian, Herodotus (5th century BC), told of a great temple that was built
where the famous hero
first set foot on to Egypt.
He also
reports of Helen’s visit to Heracleion with her
lover, Paris, before the Trojan War. More than four
after Herodotus’ visit to Egypt, the
geographer Strabo
observed that the city of
Heracleion, which possessed the
temple of
Herakles, is located straight to the east of
at the mouth of the Canopic branch of the River
Divers also discovered a colossal stone head
believed to be of
son of Cleopatra and previous lover, Julius Caesar,
and two sphinxes, one of them probably representing Cleopatra’s father, Ptolemy XII.
Describing the discovery, Professor Sir
Barry Cunliffe, a University of Oxford archeologist
(taking part in the excavation) said,
archaeological evidence is simply overwhelming. By lying untouched and
protected by sand on the sea floor for
centuries they are
brilliantly preserved.
It was reported that, many advanced ancient
civilizations ended due to
tsunamis or other natural disasters: there were many ancient secrets at the
bottom of the oceans
and we could learn more
about our ancestors with the help of
technologies that provide us with an opportunity to
explore the depths as never before.
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