Why Catholic Bible has 73, Evangelical’s 66 books

Sometimes ago, we came across an argument about the difference in the number of books that the Catholic Church’s and the Protestant Church’s Bibles have.
We deemed it fit, to relay the information in this article to the public. We want to believe that this information can alleviate doubts on why there are
differences between the Bibles used by these churches.
The Protestant Bible, of which the NIV is one version, is seven books shorter than the Bible used by Roman Catholics Bible, but Protestants did not just take out books; they used a different standard of what should be in the Bible. This standard is known as ‘Canonisation of Scripture’.
The Hebrew Bible has 24 books. This list, or “canon,” was affirmed at the
Councils of Jamnia in A.D. 90 and 118. The Protestant Old Testament includes exactly the same information, but organised into 39 books. For example, the Hebrew Bible has one book of Samuel, while the Protestant Bible has I and II Samuel—same book, but divided into two parts.
In addition to these 39 books, the Catholic Old Testament includes Tobit, Judith, Wisdom of Solomon, Ecclesiasticus (Sirach), Baruch (includes the Letters of Jeremiah), I and II Maccabees, and additions to Daniel and Esther. These books were included in the Septuagint, a Greek translation of a different Hebrew canon. Early church fathers, who relied on the Septuagint (they could read Greek, but not Hebrew), sometimes quoted these books as Scripture.
At the time of the Reformation, Protestants decided that, because the additional books were not in the Hebrew Bible (because the additional books were found not to be inspired by God) they should not be in the Christian Bible (though they were included in early editions of the King James Bible). Catholics, at the Council of Trent (1546), decided to keep the books in their bible.
Incidentally, Protestants and Catholics use the same New Testament.[1]
Old Testaments are where the difference lies.
The Roman Catholic Church: What Separates Evangelicals and Roman Catholics?
Evangelicals come from a movement that began as a “protest” against non-biblical elements of Catholicism — elements like the belief in purgatory and the practice of granting indulgences. Yet, there remain substantial points which evangelicals share in common with Catholics, including the inspiration of Scripture, the
Trinity, the virgin birth, Christ’s atonement and His bodily resurrection.

Indeed, with regard to these essentials, evangelicals have more in common with conservative Roman Catholics than they do with liberal Protestants.
Evangelicals And Catholics- Key Differences

Despite these important areas of agreement, there are significant differences which separate evangelicals and Catholics.

from: blogs.ancientfaith.com
For example, while Catholics support the authority of the Bible, they also assert that the unwritten traditions of the Roman church are just as authoritative. In fact, that is the reason scores of practices and beliefs which have no basis in Scripture at all but are accepted by Catholics as “gospel truth” — practices like prayers for the dead and beliefs such as the infallibility of the pope.

This lies in stark contrast to the evangelical position, which asserts that the canon of Scripture alone is the supreme standard and is the authority for all Christians. In fact, affirming otherwise compromises the very supremacy of the Bible as the Christian’s rule of faith (2 Tim. 3:16).
Evangelicals And Catholics- Justification
Another major issue dividing evangelicals and Catholics has to do with the question of justification.
Classical Catholicism holds the view that salvation involves a combination of faith and infused righteousness. This means that God’s grace gives us the capability to become righteous, and enables us to perform good works by which we can receive God’s forgiveness. Evangelicals, on the other hand, believe that salvation is by grace alone, through faith alone, and in Christ alone (Rom. 4:5; Eph. 2:8-9). To put it in perspective, we are saved by grace, but saved unto good works.[2]
Notwithstanding, we advice you to search more sources, relevant materials and/or trainings to know the depth of these discrepancies.
Culled from:
  1. Christian Today.
2.   Christian Research Institute, and re-written by us.

[1] Elesha, Coffman, WHY ARE PROTESTANT AND CATHOLIC BIBLES DIFFERENT?
[2] Hank, Hanegraaff, THE ROMAN CATHOLIC CHURCH: WHAT SEPARATES EVANGELICALS AND ROMAN CATHOLICS?
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